There is a saying that “cruising is the process of working on your boat in exotic places” and it’s distressingly true. Even buying a brand new boat does not fix the problem, let alone fixing up an old one. But I don’t believe it must be that way. Let’s look at how the Adventure 40 will be better than that.
Here is my reliability goal for the Adventure 40:
- You will be able to buy one for around US$200,000.
- The boat will come to you on a truck fully offshore-equipped, with a complete, professionally written and illustrated, assembly and commissioning manual.
- Any competent sailor with basic tool skills will be able to commission the boat in seven working days or less.
- You will only need to add a hand held GPS, linens, and dishes.
- After tuning (documented in the manual) and sailing the boat for a week, you will be able to sail the boat 30,000 miles around the world with only routine maintenance.
Impossible? I don’t think so. We just need to change some things about how the boat gets designed and built:
Designed For Task
Most sailboats built in the last 20 years were not designed to go offshore. Hell, a lot of them were not even designed to go sailing. No, they were designed to look good in a boat show with an interior to wow the dreamers who have never been outside protected waters.
How will we fix that? We already have. Erik and I have used our combined offshore experience of over a quarter of a million miles to come up with a boat that is first, last, and all the time, designed to go offshore, and then those design decisions have been vetted and improved by the hundreds of offshore sailors that comment here at AAC.
There will be no options; none, zero, zip, nada. It is hard enough to build an offshore sailboat right if every one is the same. It becomes totally impossible if every owner is allowed to tamper with a proven and tested boat.
The boat as it comes from the factory will have what you need to sail around the world in comfort and safety, and nothing more. All the sails will be there, the lines, the self steering, the winches, the windlass and anchor, good sea bunks, reliable engine and great sea-galley.
But no electronics (remember the hand held GPS you need to buy?). No air conditioning, but great ventilation. No heat, but great insulation. You get the idea.
I’m not crazy or delusional. I do realize that almost no one will take off around the world with the base boat, even though they might have more fun if they did. So the boat will be designed to be easily customized by the owner or someone he or she hires:
- An arch to take antennas, solar panels, wind generators, etc, with a great big wiring conduit leading to the equipment area. There will even be messenger lines in the conduit.
- A huge equipment area next to the engine with mounting space for watermaker, big chargers, heater and all the other stuff that owners may wish to add.
- Plenty of spare breakers on the electrical panel.
- Spare spigots on the sea-chest.
- Reinforced hard pads in the hull ready to take extra through-hulls and sea cocks.
When deciding what to included in the standard boat, we gave priority to items like the arch or hard dodger, which are relatively easy and cheap for a builder to do in volume but hard and expensive for an owner to do, or have done.
There is a pervasive assumption about boats, reinforced by the current state of the industry, that less expensive boats like the Adventure 40 must be poorly built and equipped with junk gear.
That does not have to be so. By eschewing foo-foo features and going simple—for example, tiller steering instead of the twin wheels supplied on some boats of comparable price—huge amounts of money can be saved that, on the Adventure 40, will be invested in great construction and making sure that the gear that is included is the best.
In specifying the boat we will be guided by the basic principle of the lowest possible total ten year cost of ownership, not a sticker price. I still think that we can get the boat in under US$200,000, but if she ends up at say US$207,000 because she has a really good engine and robust drive train that will go ten years and 10,000 hours with nothing but oil changes, so be it. Replacing a Saildrive that craps out in Bora Bora is going to cost a bunch more than that difference.
It really is no wonder that many new boats are a nightmare of poor design and worse construction. Think about it. Often, a builder, who has hardly ever been to sea, gets together with a designer, who has not been to sea much, and the two of them listen with rapt attention to the marketing/sales guys. This triumvirate designs a boat, often without benefit of an engineer.
They then find some suckers to buy the first boats. Generally the first ten boats are crap. After which, the builder changes everything (if they have not gone bankrupt) based on the anguished screams and warranty claims of the first owners…and the whole cycle starts again.
There is a better way:
- A prototype Adventure 40 will be built.
- Experienced sailors test the boat hard. And I’m talking really hard. Think the Bermuda One-Two or a sail from the UK to the Azores and back.
- One or two families of four test the boat on coastal cruises including overnight sails.
- The boat returns to the yard to have problems and omissions fixed.
- Gear that has failed to perform is replaced with different gear.
- Repeat as necessary for at least three months.
- The specification, right down to the last screw, is documented and frozen.
- The first production boat is built to that specification.
- The first production boat is tested to make sure nothing went awry.
- Production commences.
Obviously I can’t enforce this, but I’m suggesting to the builder that every Adventure 40 be built under the watchful eye of a quality control inspector who makes absolutely sure that the boat conforms to the detailed and public specification derived from the prototype.
And here is the most important point: The QC inspector, although paid from the purchase price of the boat, contractually works for and has fiduciary responsibility to the buyer.
Sure, this will add some cost to the boat, but not as much as you might think. Remember, the boat is standard and built to a detailed spec. Also, this is a mass production boat, so there will be economies of scale in the QC process too.
What About the Builder?
I can hear the more business oriented among you now: “What about the builder? Why on earth would he or she subject themselves to, let alone fund, this draconian plan?”
The answer is simple: Because there is a lot of money to be made according to the initial budgets we have done. I can tell you after a career in small business that the single biggest destroyer of profit, after lack of customers (we have that one cracked), is ambiguity. And what have we done with this plan? Removed most (you never get rid of all) of the ambiguity that bankrupts boat builders.
- Warranty claim: Does the boat conform to the published and public specification? Yes: claim denied.
- Missing piece of gear from delivered boat: Did the QC inspector sign off on the packing list when the boat was shipped? Yes: claim denied, call the insurance company that covered the boat in shipping.
- No options and changes, the biggest killer of boat builders.
Do you have any suggestions to make this process even better? Please leave a comment, I’m all ears.