The Offshore Voyaging Reference Site

There are Many Ways to Celebrate Christmas

There are many ways to celebrate Christmas, but peering at a radar screen isn’t one that instantly springs to mind. Nevertheless that’s what I found myself doing as I explained to Lou why we were currently sailing northeast back to Dakar, as she came to take over the watch. Out in the inky night a squall was heading our way, and I was trying to dodge around the worst of it, fortunately this time successfully. God bless radar—there’s no better way to track squalls, especially at night.

But you can’t miss them all, and over the next few days we received our fair share of soakings. The wind that accompanied the squalls was welcome though, and we took as much advantage of it as possible, although far too often as fast as we reefed the wind died away, leaving us rolling around under-canvassed in a sloppy sea.

Electrical Storms

Mostly there was little thunder and lightning, although one huge squall that bore down on us suddenly exploded into spectacular life at less than a few miles distance, sending us scurrying away as fast as we could before it could engulf us. Bad weather I don’t mind, as you generally have time to prepare yourself for it, snug the boat down and get some food on the go, but lightning I hate.

There’s something of the fickle finger of fate about it, as there’s nothing you can do except cross your fingers that it’s not your number on it this time. Being stalked by a squall of this scale was like being hunted down by a wild beast, and I know I wasn’t alone in being more than relieved when it was finally far behind us.

That was the worst of it, though, and we escaped from there on pretty much unscathed, although the light and contrary wind continued to plague us. This was when the time, money and effort we had invested in improving Pèlerin‘s light air performance paid off handsomely, enabling us to keep sailing at up to five knots against the now strengthening counter current.

Our course on the plotter most closely resembled a drunk’s path on the way home from a bender as we constantly altered course to gain the best angle and speed, but that was a small price to pay to keep moving towards our destination.

Finally the wind gave out altogether, though, and we reluctantly reached for the starter button. By this stage we were having to steer almost due south to make our waypoint at 27°W, so strong was the counter current. At our usual cruising RPM, which should give us a speed of six knots, we were down to just over three, sometimes less, and no sign of the southeasterly trades—it looked like it was going to be a long hot plod.

Later that day the wind finally filled in from the southeast at a good Force Four, presenting us with the dilemma of either bearing away close-hauled for the Equator and running the risk of crossing too far west, or continuing to butt into the wind and current for our waypoint. As I’m sure you’ll have guessed, it took all of five seconds to work that one out, and we were soon close-hauled on our way to the Equator, which we finally crossed the following evening just west of 28°W.

And that’s pretty much how we stayed for the next six days, hard on the wind with the hatches shut tight. By day the wind would head us a little, by night it would free off a fraction, and we simply followed it. We did consider stopping off at the island of Fernando De Noronha for New Year’s Day, but the swell was solid from the northeast, which would have made the anchorage there uncomfortable to say the least, so we decided to stick to our original plan and continue on to Salvador.

What’s With the Weather, Though?

Every day the GRIBs looked a little more encouraging for the promised wind shift in our favour that would finally have allowed us to crack the sheets, speed up and gain a little comfort. But on the water we saw absolutely no sign of that, or the fabled southwest bound current down the coast—perhaps the weak northeasterly trades were to blame for that. It wasn’t until day thirteen of the passage that the wind finally went round to the east, and we were able to set the spinnaker for the first (and only) time.

But what a pleasure that made the last couple of days. The sea settled down at last, we were able to sail the boat upright, and we slid comfortably down the Brazilian coast enjoying quiet nights with only the wheel of stars and the occasional visit from brown noddies that took up residence on the guardwires. We sighted land on the morning of the 4th of January, and finally hardened up and sailed into Salvador early that evening. To say that it was something of a culture shock to enter such a huge bustling city after fifteen days out of sight of land is something of an understatement—but didn’t it feel good.

A Few Statistics

The passage took us fifteen and a half days, covering 2137 nautical miles from Mindelo, Sao Vicente, Cape Verde Islands to Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. We motored for around fifty hours, more than we would have wanted, but we had to run the engine for at least two hours a day to charge the batteries due to a problem with our hydro generator. When the wind was forward of the beam we ran for six days without running the engine once, thanks to the extra power generated by our Superwind wind generator.

Our best day’s run (noon to noon) was 165.9NM, during three days in which we covered 487.1NM, whilst our worst was 106.7NM in the doldrums. Over the whole passage we averaged 139.7NM per day, at an average speed of 5.8 knots, not at all bad for a heavily loaded cruising boat. And all in reasonable comfort, with few traumas—the best sort of passage there is, at least to this skipper!


Before we left we were lucky enough to receive an extremely kind offer from Steve Wrye (AAC commentor and soon to be co-owner of a beautiful Boreal 44) to send us regular weather updates via our satphone. Steve is a highly experienced sailor with a passion for weather, so we just about snapped his arm off at this suggestion, knowing that he would be able to obtain far more information than we could glean from the GRIBs, which don’t, for example, show electrical activity.

Steve’s excellent and detailed daily updates right through the passage helped us make the right tactical decisions at many crucial moments, not least when he alerted us to the presence of a huge and very active weather cell bearing down on us as we neared the Equator. We needed no extra urging to get our skates on after that particular piece of advice. We can’t thank him enough for his kindness, which meant a lot to us all, and undoubtedly contributed greatly to our successful crossing.

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C. Dan

Great synopsis of your passage – I especially appreciate the statistics! The more the better.

John Rushworth

I second C. Dan’s comment.

Colin Speedie

Hi C Dan and John

Obviously I’m pleased you’re enjoying the posts, and I appreciate your kind comments.

I always try to write what I’d want to read myself, so it’s good that I’m not alone in that.

Best wishes to you both


John Rushworth

Colin. I’m curious. Does the hydro generator keep a computerised log or at least data that can be made sense of. It would be interesting to know, over time, how it performs in terms of Kwh per annum on average or similar. I hope to re-launch my boat this Spring and I hope to get around 5 – 10 amps at 4/5 knots from my electric drive ( ) when it is acting as a generator. It won’t be as efficient as a pure hydro generator as first and foremost it is auxilliary propulsion. I hope you haven’t had the smashed transom etc that Alex Thomosn has had on the Vendee Globe with his!

Colin Speedie

Hi John

I wish it did – it would have made sorting out the problem easier.

Ours is a very simple unit, and the best that is recommended is to fit an in line ammeter, but with the need to mount the generator on the stern, and the position of our batteries under the bunks in the aft cabin, that’s easier said than done without miles of wiring.

The book suggests that we should get about 5 amps max at 8 knots, which we’d be happy with, as with our low power consumption with 120 amps per day would more than cover our needs.

I’ll be glad to hear how your system works out in practice – self sufficiency in power is, to me, a must.

Best wishes


John Rushworth

Hi Colin. Will do. I think I’m being optimistic about prop regeneration. We shall see. I have fitted a Victron Energy ammeter/monitor. It runs on Windows and the monitor stores data. They sell the computer cable too. I’m running Linux and it is for Windows, so I have yet to try it. For now I’m happy with the data it will give me but the software sounds good and the brochure shows a graph example.

John Rushworth
John Rushworth

Colin. Sorry to hack your thread about. I wish there was an edit/delete option. Anyhow, ref running cables etc. The Victron monitor uses one UTP cable much like a network cable. I found this page that explains it well using the supplied shunt.

Colin Speedie

Hi John

Don’t worry – and thanks for the links. The Victron looks like a really good option. We may have to replace our existing one (BEP Marine) as it has stopped giving a reading from the start battery, and we’ll certainly look at the Victron.

Good luck with the electric drive – and do let us know how well it performs on the water.

Best wishes



Colin and Lou,

Thank you for the kind words. It was a pleasure to guide you through the intertropical convergence zone. For me I’d never done any routing in that part of the world,( Atlantic 10 degrees N to 10degrees S), so it was an adventure and some good information for our passage next year at that time of year.

Honestly there is so much information out there now and hopefully in the future we all will be able to download the bandwidth while at sea that comes with real time in your face weather forecasting for the ITCZ.
Enjoy the passage south and we are looking forward to more of SV Pelerin’s adventures.

Steve and Tracy

Colin Speedie

Hi Steve and Tracy

Thanks for the help – we very much appreciated it. And I’m sure that it was good dry run for your passage next year.

We should be on the move again this week, and will be reporting back on where we go and what we see – hope you’ll find more inspiration from that to visit Brazil.

Kindest regards


John Rushworth

Thanks Colin. Another option to compare is Merlin

Colin Speedie

Hi John

Thanks for that – I’ve done quite a bit of business over the years with Merlin, and always found them honest and well informed about the products they sell. Always ready to advise, too – good people.

Best wishes


brian black

Hi Colin, great passage and well done, makes fascinating reading in the midst of the grey wet winds of an Irish winter. Still don’t get it though, all those balmy nights, tee-shirt deck watches and fresh food – what’s not to like about layers of thermals and rancid seal steaks al fresco to the accompaniment of crashing ice ? Love to Lou.


Colin Speedie

Hi Brian

Irish winters wet and cold? Surely not!

What’s not to like? Where to start…. As you of all people would know, after many years in the ‘summers’ of UK and Irish waters there’s a danger that you’ll eventually dissolve, and we’re just (slowly) putting back on the mental fat to head for the cold and wet – again.

Rancid seal steaks – what happened to bulk loads of Fray Bentos pies?

Best wishes to you and Les

Colin ( & Lou)

Mike Daines

Hi Colin and Lou, Congratulations on your successful crossing and a very overdue and envious comment from me having enjoyed every word of your adventure. Looking forward to your next posts and by the way the photos are great, I particularly like the one of the feral squall it sums up the vastness and of being on the edge.

Keep well and Nik sends his best too.